Researchers created a new electrolyte for the development of safer and environmentally friendly batteries, according to a report published on November 15, 2018.
This electrolyte was created by the researchers at the Victoria University of Wellington as a part of its work on aluminum batteries. An electrolyte is considered as one of the major components in a battery, as it helps in conduction of electricity.
According to the researchers, the aluminum batteries will become cheaper and production of these will be easier on using electrolyte. When compared to the ionic liquids that are currently used in aluminum batteries, this electrolyte is more affordable and is sustainable. The main aim of this project was to create better battery alternatives.
Professor Thomas Nann said, “Lithium and cobalt are potentially dangerous substances. Damage to batteries containing these substances can make them explode. They are also toxic, leading to several deaths every year from children swallowing these batteries. Nor are they easily recyclable, and we are running low on available sources of the raw materials.”
Researchers say that aluminum is a good alternative, however, there is need for a better technology to create aluminum batteries. Aluminum is safer to use, as it is non-toxic and not at risk of exploding, is recyclable, and is the most abundant metal on Earth. The electrolyte has so far been tested using a standard graphite-based battery. Furthermore, researchers plan to adapt the electrolyte for it to be used in batteries that use better performing materials in the near future.